Anne Frank : The Diary of a Young Girl

“Anne” Marie Frank was a standout amongst the most talked Jewish casualties of the Holocaust. The Franks were a typical upper middle-class German – Jewish family living in a quiet and diverse community near the outskirts of Frankfurt. Anne Frank was born on 12 June 1929 in the city of Frankfurt, Weimar Germany and lived major part of her life in or closed to Amsterdam, Netherlands. Anne Frank also had a sister named Margot who was three years elder than her. Escaping Nazi abuse of Jews, the family renounced contact with the outside world for a long time. During this hard time, she wrote a diary about her experiences, encounters and wishes. Her wartime journal with the title “The Diary of a Young Girl” had been the premise for a few plays and movies. She gained universal popularity after her diary was published.


Her Struggle :

At the time of Holocaust, numerous guiltless individuals were tortured and murdered. With a specific end goal to survive, numerous individuals were compelled to escape and choose total isolation. In The Diary of Anne Frank, she discusses the numerous repulsion of the Holocaust. She particularly concentrates on indicating how she, as a thirteen year old young lady, endured the daily battles of imprisonment. Along the course of the journal, Anne Frank opposes hunger, weariness, repression, and endless individual clashes. In 1933, Anne Frank moved with her family from Germany to Amsterdam, at the same time Nazis took control over Germany. The Jewish did not have liberty to go to all the places, still Anne and Margot attended a Jewish school. Otto, frank’s father, lost his business and by May 1940, they were caught in Amsterdam by the Germans. The next day, Anne and her family went into hiding where they had to stay silent and despite good or bad times, spend most of their time together.


Her Diary:

Anne was expecting that her journal should be distributed after World War 2. Otto Frank, the person who kept safe out of all Jewish those were sent to death camp. He came back to Amsterdam after the war to find the Anne’s journal which was safe. Anne Frank described many amazing events of that period in her diary. She had an extraordinary gift as a storyteller that made her diary universally popular. Despite the terrible circumstances she faced during the time of writing the diary, still the story was all about love, faith and hope. For the first time, it was translated in English from Dutch and distributed in 1952 with a title “The Diary of a Young Girl”. Otto Frank answered to many great letters from individuals who have perused his girl’s journal. He spent whatever was left of his life, working for human rights and admiration.

Interested to know more about the History of Germany ?

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The English Channel : Europe Engineering Marvel

The English Channel simply known as the Channel, is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean that separates northern France from Southern England. It is about 348 Miles long and differs in width from 149 Miles at its widest to 20 Miles in the Strait of Dover. Today, it is a standout among the most requesting and busiest transportation passage on the planet. It is the smallest of the shallow seas around the continental shelf of Europe around the mainland rack of Europe, covering a zone of around 29000 square Miles. It is a minimal shallow with an average depth decreases from 400 to 150 feet between the Calais and Dover. The Channel Tunnel is 31 Miles rail tunnel underneath the English Channel at the Straits of Dover that joins France with England. Despite of the fact that the English Channel is a highlight of outstanding logical investment and tidal developments, its location has issued extreme significance over hundreds of years, as a route and a boundary. It is also a barrier to the people of Britain and the development of current Europe.



The English Channel is the aftereffect of a structural down collapsing dating from around 40 million years back. As the last Ice Age worsened around a 10,000 years back, new water bodies were made. The English Channel and Irish Sea would at last pick up from this activity. The English Channel has been shaped by the effect upon its rock strata of many forces such as weathering, erosion, sea-level changes, and contemporary erosion. The English Channel was a safeguard to Ireland and Britain from foreign raiders, like the German Force at the period of World War II. The English Channel is an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, and it sets apart the island of Britain from northern France and connects the North Sea. The Roman Legions traveled across the threatening English Channel in the year 43 AD.


Brighton and Deauville, the coastal resorts of the Channel, started an age of aristocratic tourism during the beginning of 19th century, which evolved into the seaside tourism that has created resorts around the world. Short trips beyond the Channel for leisure purpose are frequently mentioned to as Channel Hopping.


Interesting Facts:

  • On 6th May 1994 the Channel Tunnel was formally opened.
  • It comprises of three tunnels. Two of the running tunnels carry the trains and a middle tunnel is used as a secondary. The diameter of the ‘running tunnels’ is of 24-feet which is almost equal to three story building.
  • The northern running tunnel transports passengers are from England to France and the southern passengers from France to England.
  • To travel the Channel Tunnel , it takes 35 minutes. Depending upon which hour of the day and the dimensions of your vehicle, the tickets are priced. As   of 2010, prices for a normal car ranged from approx $78 to $120.
  • The Channel Tunnel is 50.45 km long, with 39 km situated below water. There are three main tunnels that travel between Great Britain and France, including many small tunnels.
  • The Channel Tunnel project was initially estimated around $3.6 billion, however at the time of completion the cost went over $15 billion.
  • More worried of both invasions and of rabies, the Britain had never thought that thousands of illegal immigrants would make use of the Channel Tunnel to set foot onto the United Kingdom. A lot of other security devices have had to be fixed to try to discourage and stop this large incursion of illicit immigrants.


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Concentration Camp :The Mankind Greatest Horror

The term concentration camp means a camp in which people were detained or confined under bad conditions without any legal terms of imprisonment. Sometimes, these camps were also called internment camp, where large number of people were sent to prison without any trial. The first concentration camp in Germany was established soon after Hitler’s appointment as chancellor in January 1933. From 1933 to 1945 in Germany, concentration camps were an important feature to keep detainees of war, gay people, Jews and different Germans who revolted Hitler in the World War 2. The first concentration camp of United States was created in 1838. Concentration camps had been used by the United States against Native Americans and by the British in the Second Boer War.The first concentration camps in Germany was established by Hitler & appointed as chancellor in January 1933.


Concentration Camps in Poland

 Auschwitz Concentration Camp (1940-1945):

Auschwitz Concentration Camp was built by the Nazis in Poland. Auschwitz was one of the biggest and modernized concentration camps, which was famous for mass killing center  ever created. It was Auschwitz which became a popular symbol of death in those time by killing 1.1 million people, mainly Jews. On April 27, 1940, Heinrich Himmler ordered to build a new camp near Oswiecim, Poland (about 37 miles west of Krakow). By the time of freedom, Auschwitz had grown by including three large camps and 45 sub-camps in nearby area. At the entrance of Auschwitz, there was famous sign that stated “Arbeit Macht Frei”. Auschwitz II was also created in early of 1942. Birkenau was built 1.9 miles far away from Auschwitz I and was the real killing center of the Auschwitz death camp. In Birkenau, the dead selections were carried out on the line near the stylish and invisible gas chambers. Birkenau, much big comparing to Auschwitz, where the most prisoners were being kept including the areas for women and Gypsies. Auschwitz III was built last as “housing” for the forced laborers at the Buna synthetic rubber factory in Monowitz. There were also 45 other sub-camps where prisoners were kept for forced labor. The list of others Camps were Belzec, Chelmno ,Gross Rosen, Majdanek, Plaszow, Sobibor, Treblinka.

Concentration camp in Austria:

1) Accumulatoren – Fabrik AFA
2) Ebensee Concentration Camp
3) KZ-Nebenlager Bretstein
4) Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp
5) Steyr- Munichholz Subcamp


Interesting Facts:

• These camps were also called extermination camps and mostly situated on outskirts of Germany like Poland, Austria.
• These camps were used by German officers to kill large number of Jews and prisoners basically to clean the earth from the Jewish population. Mass killing was done without any trial or any judiciary procedure.
• Some of these camps had gas chambers in which there would be water shower that would let out gas for mass murder and extermination. Then these bodies were thrown into furnaces.
• After the end of the World War 2 many such camps were discovered by Soviet Army, British forces and American soldiers. The inhuman treatment and atrocities was done in these camps.
• Most of these were burned down by the German army but few survived and still exists as museum to remind us of those times. There were 1200 such camps as officially announced but the unofficial figure was 15000 such camps existed during those times.
• Starvation, disease, prisoners were made to work in nearby factories. Women were raped till death, there were heaps of dead bodies lying unattended.
• A total of 60 million people were believed to have died in World War 2. That was 2.5% of the population, out of it an estimated 6 million Jewish died due to the holocaust or the anti semitic wave of Hitler. This figure is equivalent to the population of Ahmedabad city.

Interested to know more about the History of Germany ?

Germany is a riveting journey of surprise, every turn effortlessly matching the mood and combining the best of old and new Europe. Behind its facade of efficiency, Germany exudes originality; stylish old cities, charming Bavarian towns, dazzling forests of enchantment, and Christmas markets; it’s all accompanied by a passionate determination to offer the best.

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Charlemagne :The First Ruler Of United Europe

European history is having many interesting facts. Roman Empire was attacked by Gauls, the barbarian tribes and always fought against them. Franks and Gauls independently established themselves from Rome but still very friendly to the Roman Empire. The Rome became weaker because of the continuous attacking by Muslims from south and Tribes from north. Charlemagne crowned and title as holy roman emperor by Pope on Christmas day, 800. Charlemagne was famous as Charles the great or Charles 1. He was a king of the franks who united most of Western Europe during the middle age and formed the foundations of modern France and Germany. He was born on 2 April 742 in Liege (old name) in present Belgium. He had 18 children with multiple wives and mistresses. He always encouraged them for their education and loved his daughters so much that he didn’t permitted them to marry up till he was alive. There were many hobbies of Charlemagne including hunting, horseback riding and swimming etc. He was died on 28 January 814 in Aachen (old name) in present Germany.


The Emperor Charlemagne ruled the Frankish kingdom from 9 October 768 to 28 January 814.In 768, after the sudden death of his father Pepin, he became the co-ruler with his younger brother Carloman l till 771. He had a strained relationship with his younger brother, who was also died in 771 and became the solo king of franks who ruled over Belgium, France, Netherland and West Germany. In his leadership he kept German people in one kingdom and converts them into Christianity and later he conquered Northern Italy, Austria, Hungary, Bavaria. He spent the majority of his reign involved in military campaigns to carry out this mission. In 774 he became the king of Italy and famous as roman emperor in Western Europe. After that in 782, he forced Germanic worshippers tribe known as Saxons to convert in Christianity and declared that anyone who didn’t get baptized or follow other Christian tradition be put to death, which was the reason of his ruthlessness. Charlemagne gave land and money to Christian church and protects pope. Because of his inclination towards Christianity he got the title of holy Roman Emperor by Pope LEO lll on December 25, 800 at Peter’s Basilica in Rome. After 13 years ruled as an emperor, he died in 814.

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As an Emperor, Charlemagne proved himself a talented diplomat and a great leader for controlling that vast area and he was famous for many other important works. He keeps Germanic people in one kingdom and converted his subject to Christianity and expanded his kingdom. In middle age France and Germany modernize by him and he was the only survival of Christianity in west Europe. He was the first emperor who promoted education not for his children but for everyone and encouraged the Carolingian Renaissance which was a period of renewed value of scholarship and culture. He also started a standardized form of writing that later became a model for modern European alphabets.

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CONCORDE : Faster,Higher And Hidden Away

Concorde was the world’s most glamorous British Airline aircraft which flew more than 2.5 million passengers supersonically , i.e., at a speed higher than that of Sound. Concorde had a cruising speed of 1350 mph which is more than twice the speed of sound and it took around three and a half hour from London to New York as compared to subsonic flights which take eight hours for the same. This meant that you would see the aircraft before you heard its sound.  In October 1969, the Concorde had its first public flight where there was a crowd of more than 7.5 lakhs spectators to witness this great innovation of mankind. Due to unforeseen circumstances, the world’s most famous plane had to be brought out of service, first by Air France and then by British Airways – marking the end of supersonic passenger flight.In terms of technology it was pioneer, it had the first computer controlled engine that was more advanced than the engine of spaceship Apollo 11 that took the first man to the Moon.


INTRODUCE: 21st January 1976
RETIRED: 26th November 2003
FIRST FLIGHT: 2nd March 1969
RANGE: 7250 KM
ENGINE TYPE: Rolls Royce / Snecma Olympu 593
MANUFACTURERS: British Aircraft Corporation,Airbus Group, Aerospatiale
Max Range : 4,500 Miles
Ticket price: LONDON-NEW YORK – £ 4,350
RETURN : £ 8,292

What brought about the Concorde crash?

On 25 July 2000, Flight 4590 for New York’s JFK airport, carrying mostly German tourists headed to South America was about to take off when it struck a metal strip resulting in a tire burst. The strip had tumbled from the underside of a Continental Airlines DC-10 that had withdrawn minutes prior, which was going toward Houston. The report said that supersonic airliner hit to the 43 cm titanium strip and one of the plane’s tires blast and creating the rubber to fly up and rupture a fuel tank. All 109 passengers and crew were dead including the four people on the ground. The fuel tank flame was the direct reason for the accident and a couple of days prior, the Associated Press was taking it is a common case and what the general people has been perusing and listening from them :”The blast tire sent bits of elastic flying, puncturing the fuel tanks, which began the flame that cut down the plane.” In November 2001, Commercial services were again introduced after 17 Million Euro Safety Improvement Program. In 2003, British Airways and Air France announced plane to be retired.

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In the comparison, it was less profitable than other aircraft in BA and Air France fleet. When Concorde was suspended for a short time after the accident in 2001, both the airlines realized that their passenger remained loyal to airline brands and flew first class in their subsonic aircraft. The maintenance and fuel costs of Concorde per person were too high than other Aircraft. There were many environmental issues like it could do supersonic only on the international waters which limited and network to flying supersonic above other continents. It produced nitrogen oxide in its exhaust which would make complicated interactions with other ozone, convert the result in degradation. There was no keen interest by British and France to upgrade the Aircraft or technology. Concorde was the only aircraft in 2000 which housed a flight engineer- a position eliminated by all commercial Aircraft due to sophistication of cockpit instruments while entire world had moved into digital glass cockpits and it still flew with analog instruments and gauges in cockpit. And the main and important conclusion that it was not affordable to everyone.

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Napoleon Bonaparte: The First Common Man To Become Emperor

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in a modest family on the Island of Corsica. As a boy, Napoleon joined military school and continued to take military education till he reached adulthood. In 1789, Napoleon actively supported the French Revolution under the leadership of Robespierre who was the ideological father to the moment. By 1785 he had joined the army and became a trusted military leader to the French people. For his endeavors, Napoleon was soon named leader of the Army of the Interior. He gained the advantage of this movement and slowly he voted himself to power.  Under his direction French rebuilt army which won numerous victories over the Austrians, expanded the French empire and helped Napoleon to become military’s brightest star.


France had best period under Napoleon. It was not possible to reach the position of Emperor for a common man. He was very young when he came to power. He was a brilliant as well as ruthless solider. Napoleon’s great administrative skills led to a new constitution that made the position of first consul that is nothing less than a dictatorship. He came to power after French Revolution in the name of democracy and equality, but he in fact became an emperor and a despot, who centralized all the power in his hands. Press was restricted and people were put behind the bars without any trail and probably the very idea of democracy was trampled at each step. He likewise organized the Napoleonic Code, permitted freedom to his people and denied benefits on the basis of birth that giving legislature occupations must be given to the most deserving ones. Globally, he arranged an European peace. Despite all of this he was, he still is the most loved politician, General and Emperor of France. In 1808, he put his brother Joseph Bonaparte the king of Spain. In 1810, he divorced his wife Josephine and married Austrian Princess Marie Louise. By 1811 he was in total command of Europe.

He had following victories

1800 – Victory on Austria.
1804 – Proclaimed himself as an Emperor of France.
1806 – Victory over Russia.
1807 – Victory of Russian Army.
1998 – Successfully captured Egypt.
1796 – Success in Italian Campaign.


His greatest mistake was the invasion of Russian in 1812. The Russian war ended in catastrophic failure of France and Napoleon. In 1813, Russia, Prussia, Austria and Allied army defeated Napoleon in battle of Leipzig. Napoleon was captured and put in prison on the island of Elba. The Bourbons were restored to power in France. In 1815, he escaped from Elba, and he was so popular that while he was walking towards Paris where thousands of people joined him and he returned the power. Allied and England attack France and Napoleon and he was defeated in the battle of waterloo in June-1815. British captured him and sent him in prison of Island of Saint Helena.

Napoleon died there in 1821. He had a magnetic personality, all the soldiers who fought with him or for him, always felt that, they would always win. He was physically not very imposing but in one to one situation he was hypnotic. His greatest motivator and strength was his ambition. He had strict efficient work habit and he would keep shifts of staff and secretaries since he is always at work or would work all the time and was a great workaholic. He was a most controversial figure worldwide and probably the most loved figure of France.

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The Age Of Discovery

Long distance exchange assumed a note worthy part in the social, religious, and masterful trades that occurred between the significant focuses of civilization in Europe and Asia primarily China and India. The famous Silk Road was the name given to the numerous trade routes that joined Europe and the Mediterranean with the Asian world. The course is more than 6,500 km long and got its name in light of the fact that the early Chinese exchanged silk along it. Inspite of the fact that silk was the fundamental exchanging thing there were numerous different goods that went along the Silk Road between Eastern Asia and Europe. Until the mid-fifteenth, trade with the east was attained through the Silk Road. For quite a while Chinese were the one who knew how to make valuable silk. Just the ruler, his family and his most elevated counselors were permitted to wear garments made of silk. The antiquated Romans were the first Europeans who got to be mindful of this sublime material. Exchanging began, regularly with Indians as go between who exchanged silk with the Chinese in return for gold and silver which they got from the Romans.

Religion, dialects and illnesses additionally spread along the Silk Road. European merchants most likely brought the plague from Asia to Europe along with them. During the Age of Exploration, the Silk Road lost its value because new sea routes to Asia were discovered.


Istanbul was the principle city along Silk Road serving as terrain crossing point and port from where items were transported overland or by pontoon to and from Europe and distinctive continents. The catch of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 was noteworthy for various reasons. To start with, the catch of the city made the Ottomans the most imperative power in southeastern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean and started a long stretch of development for the Empire. Next, numerous Greek researchers fled to Europe after the fall of the city, which helped fuel the conception of the Renaissance and helped convey to an end the Middle Ages. At last, the catch of the city remove an essential exchange course toward the east. This constrained Europeans to start considering an ocean route to China and the east, starting new thoughts in marine and route and  serving to start the Age of Exploration. In the midst of the Age of Exploration the Silk Road lost its centrality in light of the way that new sea courses to Asia were found.


In 1453, the Ottomans took Constantinople thus the Byzantine Empire was no more. Presently in control of the sole spice exchange course that existed at the time, the Ottoman Empire was in a good position to charge taxes on stock destined for the west. The Western Europeans, not having any desire to the lucrative business with the east, set going to discover a other sea route around Africa.

The first nation to endeavor to circumnavigate Africa was Portugal, which had, following the mid fifteenth century, started to investigate northern Africa under Henry the Navigator. Encouraged by the early success and looking at a lucrative imposing business model on a ocean course to the Indies the Portuguese initially crossed the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. After nine years in 1497 on the requests of Manuel I of Portugal, four vessels under the order of Vasco da Gama adjusted the Cape of Good Hope, proceeding toward the eastern bank of Africa to Malindi to cruise over the Indian Ocean to Calicut in south India. The goods of the Indies were currently open for the Europeans to trade. Portuguese Empire was the soonest European sea domain to develop from the spice trade. The Republic of Venice had turned into an impressive force, and a key player. Different forces, trying to break the Venetian hang on spice trade, started to develop sea capacity. One of the real results of this was the disclosure of the American landmass by European.


Spain composed the endeavor of Christopher Columbus to contend with Portugal for the spice trade with Asia, yet rather, arrived in a New World. Finding for a course to Asia was continued a couple of years after the fact, after wayfarer Vasco de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama in 1513 and turned into the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean, affirming that America was a different mainland. The Spanish crown then arranged an extraordinary westbound voyage with Ferdinand Magellan, to achieve Asia from Spain over the Atlantic, and afterward Pacific Oceans. On October 21, 1520 his endeavor crossed the strait that bears his name in the southern tip of South America, opening the Pacific to European. On March 16, 1521 the ships came to the Philippines and not long after the Spice Islands, eventually bringing about the Manila Galleon exchange, the first west spice trade route to Asia.

After Magellan’s passing in the Philippines, pilot Juan Sebastian took command of the endeavor and drove it over the Indian Ocean and back to Spain, where they touched base in 1522 on board the final ship: the Victoria. These adventurers turned into the first men to circumnavigate the globe. For the following two and half hundreds of years, Spain controlled an endless exchange arrange that connected three mainlands: Asia, the Americas and Europe. A worldwide spice route had been made: from Manila in the Philippines (Asia) to Seville in Spain (Europe), by means of Acapulco in Mexico (America).

World Without Wars :The Story Of The Christmas Truce

Christmas Truce of 1914 which is often represent as a symbolic dimension of peace and this came only five months after the outbreak of World War I in Europe and was one of the last examples of such a humanity between enemies in warfare. In the hundred years since, the event has been seen as a kind of miracle, a rare moment of peace into a war. Europe has given a great thought to mankind. People know about European history of World War I, World War II, napoleon wars and also many wars but hardly anyone knows that in Europe there was a story about Christmas Truce where the armies and soldiers of two Europeans powers fighting against each other celebrated Christmas together, played football, gave present  and shared a great friendly moment with each other. Many would not believe but this is true story from Europe during World War I.


During World War I, on and around the Christmas Day in 1914, the War zone was roaring with sound of rifles. Amidst this war, there were a bunch of German soldiers who were in favor Christmas holiday celebrations. So they put down their weapons, left their trench and approached enemy lines across the No man’s land to wish them a “Merry Christmas”. At first the Allied soldiers thought this to be a trap, but after finding Germans to be unarmed, even they forgot the bloodshed and climbed out of their trenches to return the gesture. On this Christmas day, the sound of the bullets was replaced by the melody of Christmas carols. All across the front, soldiers from both sides forgot their disputes and met in the No man’s land to exchange Christmas presents of Cigarettes, plum puddings etc & some even like to believe that they played a match of soccer instead of a battle to decide the fate of the war. This is the most unique of events in the History of mankind when soldiers forgot four months of battle and embraced peace at least for a little while despite being clueless about the end of the war.

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Informal truces were also agreed and used as an opportunity to facilitate some medical help to the injured & a proper funeral for the dead. However, the High Command feared the longer-term impact of such activity and issued strict orders to curb the Christmas Peace mutiny such as declaring an involvement as an act of treason. Yet for many at the time, the story of the Christmas truce was not only an example of bravery or humanity in the depth of war but also a tale of unity : when the men on the ground decided they were not fighting the same war as their superiors expected them. They realized that despite all the differences it was peace that they all craved for more than anything else in this world. The war continued for about four more years which took around deaths of 37 million civilians and military personnel.

During World War I, the soldiers on the Western Front did not expect to celebrate on the battlefield, but even a big war like this could not destroy the Christmas spirit. The onset of the First World War marked the true beginning of a new era and the Christmas Truce  is most certainly drew the final curtain on a dying age. The truces were not unique to the Christmas period, and reflected a growing mood of “Live and Let Live”. If this would have continued we would see no wars. So, big question is that it will continue today or not?

Your Europe tour would be incomplete without really knowing the great stories about the people of Europe.

Golden Feather on Flamingo Transworld Crown

Award 1: Flamingo Transworld receives top honors from Emirates Airways

Flamingo Transworld Pvt. Ltd, an Ahmedabad based tour operator, is the only company from Gujarat to be awarded ‘top selling agent’ for Emirates Airways. Mr. Sanjay Shah, Managing Director of the company received the award at Armani Hotel at the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. The ceremony was addressed by eminent personalities – Ms. Isha Sulaemani, Emirates – India Head, and Mr. Ahmad, Emirates – Asia Head. The airline also highlighted its plan to double its fleet of aircraft in the next three years. Ms. Isha Sulaemani described Flamingo Transworld as ‘one of the fastest growing players in the Indian market and a player to be watched’ at the prestigious ceremony.


Award 2: The Genting Group, Malaysia, recognized Flamingo Transworld as one of its biggest partners from India

Flamingo Transworld for ongoing and continuous support from Genting Highland as an outbound tour operator from India. The Genting Group, Malaysia, recognized Flamingo Transworld as one of its biggest partners from India. A spectacular ceremony was held at the Resorts World, Genting Highlands, in Malaysia. The award was accepted by Ms. Gopika Joshi, Head – Southeast Asia division, on behalf of Flamingo Transworld.



“I would put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power!” said Thomas Alva Edison.

Truly said by Edison as solar energy is immortal and can be used in the best productive way. So is the belief of the Solar Impulse II, which has taken another stride in the league of great aeronautical firsts, the first Round-the-world solar flight. After 12 years of research, test and development, the Swiss have created a genuine airborne technology running on the Sun& proved to the world that solar energy can be used in unconventional ways too.

The first aircraft, bearing Swiss aircraft registration HB-SIA, is a single seat monoplane, capable of taking off under its own power, and designed to be able to stay airborne up to 36 hours.


The HB-SIA is primarily a prototype design. It has more than 17000 solar cells, collecting up to 340Wh of solar energy per day. The silicon cells are mounted on the wings, fuselage and horizontal tailplane, providing the best compromise between the lightness, flexibility and efficiency. Under the wing are four engines, each with set of lithium polymer batteries, a 10 h p motor and a twin-bladed propeller.. 11,628 photovoltaic cells on the upper wing surface and the horizontal stabilizer work to generate electricity during the day.  These both propel the plane and charge its batteries to allow flight at night.



On 26th June 2009, the Solar Impulse was first presented to the public at the dubendorf Air Base, Switzerland. Following testing, a short test was done on 3rd December 2009. On 7th April 2010, HB-SIA conducted an 87minute test flight. On 13th May 2011, HB-SIA landed Brussels Airport, after completing a 13-hour flight from its home base, in Switzerland. It was the first international flight by the solar impulse.


Due to the repair work of the aircraft’s main spar, the planes circumnavigation of the earth was rescheduled from 2012 to March 2015. The flight is expected to the circle the world in the northern hemisphere. The departure and arrival point are set to Abu Dhabi. The aircraft was delivered to Masdar in Abu Dhabi for the World Future Energy Summit in January 2015, and began it circumnavigation on 9th March 2015.


Andre Borschberg the Founder-CEO & Bertrand Piccard the chairman of Solar Impulse are the two Swiss pilots who are attempting to fly around the world in the solar powered plane. Borschberg mentioned “we chose to land in Ahmedabad because a lot of technology, research and products come from this part of the world.”  They decided to take a halt in Ahmedabad as Gujarat is one of the most industrialized states in India. Piccard said “Gujarat is a province of innovation”. Impressed by Gujarat’s leadership status in solar energy, they are likely to stay in the city for 3 days before leaving for Varanasi.

Especially considering the importance of clean and green energy, Piccard added “because it is clean energy it will save the environment, I want 1.2-billion Indians to support their campaign for the use of renewable energy for protecting the global environment, we need better research in renewable energy, better governance on international level, medical breakthroughs.”